Amino acids 101: Things You Need to Know

There are many benefits from free form amino acids like optimal health, energy, strength, recovery, fat loss, beautiful skin, mood and brain function, muscle growth etc. Many people are afraid of taking them and that is because they are not properly informed.

What are amino acids?

First of all let’s start by saying what amino acids are. Amino acids are biologically important organic compounds composed of amine (-NH2) and carboxylic acid (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side-chain specific to each amino acid. The key elements are carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen. There are over 500 known amino acids. Basically, depending on their kind, amino acids build proteins, support metabolism, protect your hearth and can be used for energy when you lack carbs and fats.

Amino acid synthesis

Amino acids 101Amino acid synthesis is the set of biochemical processes by which the various amino acids are produced from other compounds. Not all organisms are able to synthesize all amino acids so, for example, humans are able to synthesize only 12 of the 20 standard amino acids.

Essential amino acids

There are 8 essential amino acids: histidine– it is needed for the growth and repair of tissue of all kind; lysine– this is one of the most important amino acids for your body, it results in bone and muscle growth as well as fat mobilization for energy uses; phenylalanine– elevates the mood by stimulating the nerve system, and may be important to staying motivated; methionine– eliminates excess of fat from the bloodstream, resulting in less potential fat tissue; leucine– responsible for regulation of blood-sugar levels, the growth and repair of tissues in skin, bones and skeletal muscle; isoleucine– very similar to leucine; valine– maintains the nitrogen balance and preserves the use of glucose; threonine– used to form the body’s two most important binding substances, collagen and elastin.

Taking amino acids

The body obtains branched-chain amino acids from proteins found in food, especially meat, dairy products and legumes. Nitrogen balance studies have shown that no amount above 2.0 grams per kilogram of body weight is beneficial. The best way is to mix whey protein (which already consists of important amino acids) shake and natural food or supplements with high content of essential amino acids. Casein Protein Powder is one of the proteins that has amino acids in its composition so it is very useful if we don’t take in enough amino acids through our food. When, how and how much exactly proteins and amino acids we should ingest depends on you and your personal goals and desires. Whether you are a professional bodybuilder, athlete, swimmer or you just want to reach some certain level of fitness.

Proteins and amino acids are certainly good for your body if taken wise and with responsibility. Don’t listen to other people with no knowledge and inform yourself. Here are some additional links that will help you with further information:

http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/catamino.htm

http://www.mensfitness.co.uk/nutrition/supplements/1155/amino-acids-explained

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